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Mfundo ya telescope yakuthambo

Matelesikopu a zakuthambo amatha kuzindikira nyenyezi zaka mazana a mamiliyoni a zaka za kuwala kapena kupitirira apo chifukwa mafunde a electromagnetic otulutsidwa ndi nyenyezi zimenezi akhala akutumizidwa ku dziko lapansi kwa zaka mazana a mamiliyoni ndiyeno kuwonedwa ndi zowonera zakuthambo.Pali mitundu iwiri ikuluikulu ya ma telesikopu akuthambo, imodzi ndi telesikopu yowonera pomwe ina ndi telesikopu yawayilesi.

Mfundo ya telescope yakuthambo:

Telesikopu yakuthambo imazindikira mafunde a electromagnetic.Ma telesikopu oonera zakuthambo amazindikira kuwala kowoneka, ndiko kuti, nyenyezi yotchedwa nyenyeziyo ikuwoneka;ma radio astronomical telescopes amazindikira mafunde a wailesi, omwe ndi mtundu wa mafunde a wailesi, ndipo mafunde a wailesi ndi mafunde a electromagnetic ndi ma frequency otsika kuposa kuwala kowoneka.Komabe, njira zodziwira zenizeni za ziwirizi ndizosiyana.

Kuwala koyang’anizana ndi makina oonera zakuthambo kumatulutsa nyenyezi, koma zambiri mwa nyenyezi zimenezi zinakhalako kalekale.Zomwe timawona ndi kuwala komwe kunatulutsidwa zaka mabiliyoni ambiri zapitazo.Ma telesikopu oonera zakuthambo amagawidwa kukhala zowonera, zowunikira komanso zowonera zakuthambo za catadioptric.Monga momwe dzinalo likusonyezera, mfundo ya telescope yowonekera ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito mfundo yojambula ya lens yowoneka bwino kuti muwone chithunzi chenicheni;mfundo ya telescope yonyezimira ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito chithunzithunzi cha galasi lathyathyathya kuti muwone chithunzi chenicheni;mfundo ya reflex telescope ndi kuphatikiza awiri kuti awone Komanso chithunzi chenicheni.

Telesikopu yawayilesi, yomwe ndi ya telesikopu yakuthambo yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi akatswiri owunika powonera.Imalandila mafunde a wailesi opangidwa ndi nyenyezi, kenako imalemba ma data ofunikira, kuphatikiza mphamvu ya wailesi, ma frequency spectrum, polarization, ndi zina zambiri za zinthu zakuthambo.Pa nthawi yomweyo, ali okonzeka ndi akatswiri zambiri processing.Dongosololi limayendetsa zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa.Pazifukwa zotere, nyenyezi zomwe sizingawonedwe ndi makina oonera zakuthambo wamba, monga pulsars, quasars, interstellar organic molecules, ndi zina zotero.

Kapangidwe ka telesikopu yakuthambo:

Chimodzi: chubu chachikulu

Chubu chachikulu cha telesikopu yakuthambo ndi protagonist yowonera nyenyezi.Ndi zithunzi zamaso zosiyanasiyana, timatha kuona nyenyezi momwe timafunira.

Awiri: Wopeza

Ma telesikopu a zakuthambo kaŵirikaŵiri amawona nyenyezi ndi kukulitsa kangapo kambirimbiri kapena kupitirira apo.Poyang'ana nyenyezi, ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito nthawi makumi kuti mupeze nyenyezi, chifukwa malo owonera ndi ochepa, sizophweka kupeza nyenyezi ndi chubu chachikulu cha lens.Ntchito ya malo owonera ndikupeza malo a nyenyezi kuti awonedwe poyamba, kuti nyenyeziyo iwonetsedwe mwachindunji mumgolo waukulu wa lens pa kukula kwapakati ndi kochepa.

Chachitatu: Chowonadi

Ngati telesikopu yakuthambo ilibe zowonera, palibe njira yowonera nyenyezi.Ntchito ya eyepiece ndi kukulitsa.Nthawi zambiri telesikopu iyenera kukhala ndi zowonera zotsika, zapakatikati komanso zokulirapo.

Chachinayi: phiri la Equatorial

Equatorial mount ndi chipangizo chomwe chimatha kuyang'anira nyenyezi ndikuziwona kwa nthawi yayitali.Phiri la equatorial limagawika munjira yoyenera yokwera ndi yotsika, ndipo chofunikira kwambiri ndi kukwera koyenera.Mukamagwiritsa ntchito, muyenera kugwirizanitsa kaye kukwera kumanja ndi mbali yakumpoto ya gawo lakumwamba.Nyenyeziyo ikapezeka, yatsani injini yolondolera ndikutseka cholumikizira kuti mulondole nyenyeziyo.Pofuna kuwongolera kukwera kwa axis kuti igwirizane ndi Nyenyezi ya Kumpoto, telesikopu yaying'ono imayikidwa pakati pa axis yokwera, yotchedwa polar axis telescope.Pamwamba bwino ndi nkhwangwa zotsika, pali zosintha zazikulu ndi zazing'ono zabwino, ndipo ntchito yawo ndikupeza nyenyezi zothandizira.

Chachisanu: kutsatira mota

Galimoto yolondola yolondolera kukwera kumanja imatha kuyendetsa njira yoyenera yokwerera kuti izungulire kwina kwina pa liwiro lofanana ndi kuzungulira kwa dziko lapansi, kutsatira nyenyezi, ndi kuyang'ana nyenyezi kwa nthawi yayitali.Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito liwiro lachangu kuti mupeze nyenyezi zomwe mukufuna kuwona, ndikuwonjezera kapena kuchepetsa nyengo ya Shanghai kuti muwombe zakuthambo.

Ntchito ya declination tracking motor ndikusintha ndikusintha pamene nyenyezi yomwe ikuwonedwa imapatuka pakati pa gawo lowonera, kufunafuna nyenyezi ndi astrophotography.Nthawi zambiri, phiri la equatorial liyenera kukhala ndi injini yoyenera yokwera.Ngati zitenga nthawi yayitali kuti mutenge zithunzi zakuthambo, ma mota okwera kumanja ndi ma declination amafunikira.

Chachisanu ndi chimodzi: Tebulo la tripod ndi tripod

Choyimitsira katatu chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kulumikiza phiri la equatorial ndi chubu lagalasi kuti alumikizane ndi katatu.Tripod imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula telesikopu yakuthambo ndi phiri la equatorial, ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mzati.Chida chaching'ono cha equatorial ice age 3 nthawi zambiri chimagwiritsa ntchito katatu, ndipo cholemera kwambiri cha equatorial chimakhala ndi phazi limodzi.

Zisanu ndi ziwiri: Equatorial mount control box ndi magetsi

Kuti phiri la equatorial ligwire ntchito, liyenera kugwiritsa ntchito gwero lamagetsi kuyendetsa galimoto yolondolera.Nthawi zambiri, chida choyimbira cha Chimeiyu chonyamulira chimafuna kugula mabatire owuma kapena ma accumulators, omwe ali oyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthengo ndi kumapiri.Bokosi lowongolera la phiri la equatorial lapangidwa ndi ntchito zambiri, kotero kuti lizitha kuyang'ana nyenyezi, kufufuza nyenyezi, ndikuchita nawo zofunikira za astrophotography.

Fakitale yathu ya Mirror international Optical Equipment imatha kupereka mitundu yonse ya ma telescopes.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-21-2022